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What We Know about the Dramatic Increase in PhD Degrees and the Reform of Doctoral Education Worldwide: Implications for South Africa

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Theories of the “knowledge economy” view knowledge, and particularly new knowledge, as a critical resource to enhance a nation’s economic growth. Governments around the world have invested in doctoral education expansion. Reforms in doctoral education are being shaped by the changing needs of society, of research modes, and of a changed labor markets for PhD holders. The reform elements strive …

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Globalization and the Internationalization of Graduate Education

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 Since the 1990s, globalization has become a central phenomenon for all of society, including graduate education and particularly doctoral education. Globalization takes place in a context where doctoral education and research capacity are unevenly distributed and where a few research universities, mainly  in wealthy countries, have become powerful social institutions. But all graduate education systems are increasingly part of an international context in which policy-makers …

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Increase in PhD Production and Reform in Doctoral Education Worldwide

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The expansion in doctoral studies has gone hand in hand with an increased flow of international doctoral  students, the wish of universities to become “world-class”, and the adoption of more standardised structures and practices for doctoral education. This paper presents the nature of reforms in postgraduate and doctoral education in a wide range of countries (including China, Europe, Australia, Japan, Ireland, …

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Are You Satisfied? PhD Education and Faculty Taste for Prestige-Limits of the Prestige Value System

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This paper empirically evaluates Caplow and McGee’s (The academic marketplace, 1958) model of academia as a prestige value system (PVS) by testing several hypotheses about the relationship between prestige of faculty appointment and job satisfaction. Using logistic regression models to predict satisfaction with several job domains in a sample of more than 1,000 recent social science PhD graduates who hold …

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Graduate Education and its changes in the U.S.

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Changes in graduate education in the U.S. emerges from the bottom up: from individual departments of programs not from a ministry or a central agency that initiates reform. In fact, there is no ministry of higher education or ministry of sciences and technology in the U.S. Graduate programs and Graduate Schools –the latter are the administrators, advocates and catalysts for …

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Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out: Sociology Report

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Presents key findings from the Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out based on sociology graduates’ views of the quality of training and on their career paths. The sociologists in this study, like respondents in other fields, reported positive evaluations of their graduate training programs.  They rated their programs highly with respect to academic rigor and training in thinking critically. However, ratings were substantially …

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Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out: History Report

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Respondents give high marks to their history programs for “academic rigor,” and training in “critical thinking” and “data analysis and synthesis.” They also identified areas to target for improvement, including training in writing and publishing reports and articles and in how to teach, as well as providing concrete feedback to students on their progress, socializing students into the academic community …

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Social Science PhDs-Five+ Years Out: Geography PhDs

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Geography respondents from the Social Science PhD’s – Five+ Years Out survey reflected upon their doctoral education and indicated areas that could use improvement, including: career preparation for academic and non-academic careers, help with publishing from the dissertation adviser, training in writing and publishing received during PhD studies, and training for teaching. Babbit, V.,  Rudd, E., Morrison, E., Picciano, J., …

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Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out: Communications Report

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Communication PhDs find faculty positions more readily than doctorate holders in other social science fields. Whether in faculty positions or working in business, government, or non-profit sectors, the majority are satisfied with their jobs and career paths. When assessing careers from the perspective of balancing work and family, both men and women report problems combining work and family, but women …

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Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out: Anthropology Report

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Presents key findings from the Social Science PhDs—Five+ Years Out based on anthropology graduates’ views of the quality of training and on their career paths.  Offers evidence for the continuing relevance of PhD training for anthropologists’ careers and also suggests that programs and dissertation advisors leave students too much on their own when it comes to mastering practical skills and knowledge that …

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